Defense analyst & columnist, Novaya Gazeta
Since the beginning of 2019 Russia has embraced a more aggressive rhetoric towards NATO, the European Union, and Western leaders. The Kremlin communicates its narratives both to domestic audiences via state-controlled media, and to international audiences via Kremlin-backed outlets like RT and Sputnik. The West is presented as weak and vulnerable in the face of Russian hybrid threats (from warfighting to cyber aggressions), while at the same time Russia is being framed as a victim of such attacks from the ‘agrressive West’. In this discussion we will analyse what steps should be taken to set us on a desirable path in terms of cyber and digital security policy.