Deputy Prime Minister of Latvia, Minister of Defence
Dr Artis Pabriks is the deputy prime minister and defence minister of Latvia. Before taking the post in January, Dr. Pabriks served as a member of the Latvian Parliament (Saeima) on the Foreign Affairs and the Citizenship, Migration, and Social Cohesion committees. Dr Pabriks also served in the Parliament on multiple previous occasions, first joining in 2004 as the chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee and the parliamentary secretary for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
From 2014 to 2018, Dr Pabriks was a member of the European Parliament, where he sat on the Committee on International Trade. During his parliamentary service, Dr Pabriks was the rapporteur on the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement between Canada and the European Union and its Member States, as well as on the proposal for a regulation on the European Border and Coast Guard. Dr. Pabriks also previously served as Latvia’s Defense Minister from 2010 to 2014. In addition to this, he served as Foreign Minister from 2004 to 2007.
Prior to his time in government, Dr Pabriks worked in academia from 1988 to 2002 in such institutions as the University of Aarhus (Denmark), the University of Latvia, and Vidzeme University College. In addition to his professorial work, Dr Pabriks also served as a policy analyst at the Latvian Center for Human Rights and Ethnic Studies from 2001 to 2003 and was the deputy member on behalf of Latvia to the Council of Europe in 2002. Before becoming a Member of Parliament, Dr Pabriks worked at the Political Education Foundation as a policy analyst-consultant from 2003 to 2004. Pabriks earned his degree in history from the University of Latvia and his Ph.D. in political science from the University of Aarhus.
The development of information and communication technologies poses a growing challenge for national administrations and international organisations. The spread of artificial intelligence, machine learning, robotics and the “Wild West” of social media and on-line platforms requires a truly visionary approach in setting the appropriate level of ambition for future policies regulating these phenomena. How can we prevent risks stemming from the development of technologies from becoming insurmountable problems? How can we ensure an on-line environment that is safe and secure without infringing on the right to freedom of speech and expression? Can exclusively national solutions even be effective or should we focus on international regulations?