The development of information and communication technologies poses a growing challenge for national administrations and international organisations. The spread of artificial intelligence, machine learning, robotics and the “Wild West” of social media and on-line platforms requires a truly visionary approach in setting the appropriate level of ambition for future policies regulating these phenomena. How can we prevent risks stemming from the development of technologies from becoming insurmountable problems? How can we ensure an on-line environment that is safe and secure without infringing on the right to freedom of speech and expression? Can exclusively national solutions even be effective or should we focus on international regulations?