Maintaining national security means influencing the decisions and approach of malign actors to discourage or restrain them from taking harmful actions. As Western countries grapple with the prospect of facing increasingly ambiguous threats that are often hard to detect, deterrence is back in the spotlight. From hack-and-leak operations to the use of chemical weapons, what once was considered to be black and white has given way to multiple shades of grey.
What kind of deterrence do we need for the next 50 years? What is the place of future hybrid challenges, cyber confrontation, information space challenges and technologies in a new type of deterrence? Is there space and vision for new understandings and approaches to deterrence?